Have you ever heard of the Beagle Channel? In this article, you will learn all about this fascinating waterway, its unique features, and historical facts. The Beagle Channel is located at the end of the world, more precisely at South America’s southern tip, and connects the Atlantic and the Pacific. It thus connects two oceans. The waterway was named after the research vessel Beagle, with which the British meteorologist and naval officer Robert Fitz Roy discovered the channel in 1831. This ship is particularly famous because Charles Darwin, as a young researcher, acquired essential knowledge on his journeys aboard the HMS Beagle.
Which particularities does the Beagle Channel have?
First and foremost, the Beagle Channel is a natural channel on South America’s southern tip in southern Tierra del Fuego. Tierra del Fuego, in Spanish, is a group of islands located in Southern Patagonia. Chile and Argentina share a group of islands. The western part belongs to Chile, while the eastern part belongs to Argentina. The Beagle Channel plays an essential role in naturally connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Except for the Drake Strait, which is in the open sea around Cape Horn, it is the only waterway between the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean in the South of America.
This waterway is very narrow, often only a few kilometers wide and 280 kilometers long. The eastern section of the Beagle Channel is also the border between Argentina and Chile. Crossing the channel, you will pass the main island of Tierra del Fuego, the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, as well as the Argentinean city of Ushuaia and the Chilean city of Puerto Williams, located on the opposite bank of the channel. At that time, the discovery of the channel was groundbreaking, and even today, cruising through it is fascinating. It enables you to get from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean in just a few hours.
The Beagle Conflict
Perhaps you’ve heard about the Beagle Channel during the so-called Beagle Conflict. It was fought between Chile and Argentina and almost led to war. The conflict lasted from 1904 to 1984 and involved territorial claims of both countries. As the European colonization had not reached the remote areas of Patagonia, the borders were not clearly marked at the time of the two South American states’ independence. In 1881 Chile and Argentina concluded a border treaty.
However, Argentina was not satisfied with the partitioning. The conflict reached a dangerous point when Argentina called for the military occupation of the islands in 1978. The battle was finally resolved by a papal intervention of John Paul II, and finally, Argentina recognized the disputed islands as Chilean territory. This decision closed this historical chapter, but it later had further consequences. Because of Argentina’s war threat in 1978, Chile supported the United Kingdom during the Falklands War, rather than its neighbor Argentina.
How can you visit the Beagle Channel?
Back to the present, you probably ask yourself how you can visit this unique waterway in the south of Tierra del Fuego. As you can imagine, the best way is on a ship that you can board in the Argentinean city of Ushuaia, for example. Several possibilities and different offers are available here. If you like sailing, you can enjoy the channel on a sailing boat. If you prefer something more stable, then an excursion boat or even a cruise ship might suit you. Whatever the means of transport on the water, cruising the Beagle Channel is a unique experience. With the city of Ushuaia on Tierra del Fuego as your starting point, you can also view Puerto Williams on the Chilean side.
Many tours also include a stop at one of the many islands that are spread throughout the channel. Most of them are inhabited and are home to large penguins’ colonies, which you can see when you go ashore. Of course, the breathtaking landscape should also be mentioned here: The wild waves of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, the scattered islands, the rugged rocks, the snow-capped mountains and glaciers in the background, and the endless plains.
You will feel like Fitz Roy and Darwin in the 19th century like if you are discovering the Beagle Channel yourself. It is definitely an unforgettable experience that must be included in a nature vacation in Patagonia.