The Penguins of Puñihuil

The Penguins of Puñihuil

Wayne Bernhardson


Visitors on a Patagonia adventure cruise are usually well-traveled people, and may notice that South America’s Pacific coast is a mirror image of North America’s. Southwest of Puerto Montt, the island of Chiloé has a geography similar to Canada’s Vancouver Island – a verdant, densely forested Pacific coastline that alternates rocky headlands and seemingly endless beaches. Like the Olympic Peninsula, Chiloé has a climate that can make drizzly Seattle feel like the Mojave Desert.

New Call-to-action

One day, not so long ago, I took advantage of an unusually brilliant morning to drive from the bayside city of Ancud to the oceanside locale of Puñihuil, where the Monumento Nacional Islotes de Puñihuil is one of Chile’s smallest protected areas – barely nine hectares of offshore islets.

Those islands, though, have something the Pacific Northwest can’t match. Here is where the ranges of the northerly Humboldt penguin and the southerly Magellanic penguin overlap. Their summer breeding colonies are almost intermingled and, though the two species closely resemble each other, it’s fairly easy to distinguish them side-by-side (the Humboldt has a single black stripe across the breast, the Magellanic two).

I arrived fairly early at Puñihuil, where divers and fishermen who can’t take locos (false abalone) at this time of year supplement their income by shuttling tourists out to view the penguins, four species of cormorants, kelp geese and other seabirds (though landing on the islets is prohibited). I was in no hurry, but soon wondered whether anyone else would take advantage of such a magnificent day.

As it happened, about an hour later, the vans and buses started arriving. Still, as the several operators here now cooperate on filling their launches and then share the day’s earnings, there are never so many boats on the water as to disturb the birds. The half-hour tour is inexpensive, but photography can be awkward in the choppy waters around the penguin colonies.

New Call-to-action



About the author: Wayne Bernhardson

Having spent more than 30 years living and traveling in southernmost South America, Wayne Bernhardson is the author of Moon Handbooks to Argentina, Buenos Aires, Chile and Patagonia, and the National Geographic Traveler guide to Argentina. He is also on the editorial advisory board of Patagon Journal, is the South America editor for the website Bindu Trips. Wayne has a PhD in Geography from the University of California at Berkeley, and has done research in Peru, Chile, Argentina and the Falkland Islands. He resides in Oakland, California, but spends four to five months every year in southern South America, where he owns an apartment in Buenos Aires’s Palermo neighborhood. He can be contacted through

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)